Physical therapy treatments are used on many conditions affecting our body. Most of these conditions are treated effectively by manual therapy in conjunction with modalities such as electric stimulation, ultrasound and hot/cold packs. There are eight specialized areas to address the complex divisions of the human body they are as follows:

Clinical Electrophysiology - this area deals with the use of a variety of instruments that are able to measure conduction or resistance of our tissue and are then able to compare the results to an established standard. The difference can point to a degree of tissue injury.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary - therapists dealing with disorders in this area work with patients who have had a heart or lung transplant, cystic fibrosis, post coronary bypass surgeries, pulmonary fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Their goal is to increase endurance and functional independance of the individual.

Women's Health - In this area the Physical therapists are involved in dealing with prenatal post partum periods, urinary incontinence, lymphedema, pelvic pain, and osteoporosis.

Geriatrics - There are many conditions affecting "older" people but most of the therapist's time is spent dealing with ostoporosis, arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, joint replacement, cancer, gait training, and balance disorders. In 1984, the House of Representatives defined an individual's age which was equal to "sixty-five and older as elderly and those aged eighty-five and older as very old."

Integumentary - this area focuses on and deals with skin tissue. Therapists in this division work with burn victims, wound care, and apply splinting, exercise, and edema control.

Neurological - this is a vast area, which among many others, involves the treatment of balance disorders, Alzheimer's, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's, stroke, spinal cord injury, and gait training.

Orthopedic - is most often found in an outpatient clinical setting. This specialty involves work on a great variety of musculoskeletal injuries, post surgical procedures for fractures, joint replacement, soft tissure tears, and sports injuries.

Pediatrics - involves early detection of health problems, and deals with a variety of congenital and developmental disorders including cognitive and sensory processing. Some other disorders a therapist may work onare spina bifida, cerebral palsy, and additional developmental delays.

Sports - A physical therapist in this arena works in an athletic setting treating and preparing athletes for upcoming performances, or attending to acute injuries which occured during a sports competition. These therapists are also involved in providing education to prevent injuries.